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- User Manual - (English, Spanish)
- Warranty Guide - (English)
- SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
- SLOPE GAUGE
- ASSEMBLY & SET-UP
- SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
- OFF-SEASON STORAGE
Table of contents
INSTRUCTION MANUAL LAWN TRACTOR for Craftsman CMXGRAM1130036 - T100 SERIES.
- Read, understand, and follow ll instructions on the machine and in the manual(s before attempting to assemble and operate, Keep this manual in a safe place for future and regular reference and for ordering replacement pars.
- Be familiar with al controls andtheir proper operation. Know how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly.
- Neverallow children under 14 years old to operate this machine. Children 14 years old and over should readand understand the operation instructions andsafety rules inthis manual and should be trained andsupervised by a parent
- Never allow adults to operate this machine without proper instruction.
- To help avoid blade contact ora thrown object injury, Keep bystanders. helpers, children and pets atleast 75 fet from the machine while itis in operation, Stop machineif anyone enter the area.
- Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment ito be used. Remove all stones sticks, wire bones, toys, and other foreign objects which could be picked up and thrown by the blade(s). Thrown objects can cause serious personal injury
- Plan your mowing pattern toavoid discharge of material toward roads. sidewalks, bystanders andthe like, Also, avoid discharging material against a wall or obstruction which may cause discharged material to ricochet back toward the operator. Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during operation and while performing an adjustment or repair to protect your eyes. Thrown objects which ricochet can cause serious injury tothe eyes Wearsturdy rough-soled work shoes and clase-fiting slacks and shits
- Loose fitting clothes and jewelry can be caught inmovable parts. Never operate this machine in bare fet or sandals
- Be aware of the mower and attachment discharge direction and do not point itat anyone, Do not operate the mower without the discharge cover or entire ass atcherin its proper place
- Donot puthands or feet near rotating parts orunder the cuting deck Contact with the blade(s) can amputate hands and feet.
- Amissing or damaged discharge cover can cause blade contact orthrown object injures.
- Stop the blade(s) when crossing gravel drives, walks, orroads and while not cutting grass
- Watch for traffic when operating near ar crossing roadways. This machine is not intended foruse on any publicroadway.
- Donot operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
- Mow only in daylight or good artificial ight.
- Never carry passengers.
- Disengage blade(s before sifting into reverse. Back up slowly. Always look down and behind before and while backingto avoida back-over accident.
- Sow down before turing. Operate the machine smoothly. Avoid erratic operation and excessive speed.
- Disengage blade(s) set parking brake, stop engine and waituntil the blade(s) come to a complete stop before removing grass catcher, emptying 191255, unclogging chute, removing any grass or debris, or making any adjustments.
- Never leavea running machine unattended. Always turn of blade(s), set parking brake, stop engine and remove key before dismounting
- Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine int a trailer or tuck. This machine should nat be driven up or down rampis), because the machine ould tip over, causing serious personal injury. The machine must be pushed manually on ramp(s)to load or unload properly
- Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a burn, Do not touch.
- Check overhead clearances carefully before driving under low hanging tee branches, wires, door openings etc, where the operator may be struck or pulled from the machine, which could result in serious injury.
- Disengageall attachmentclutches and depress the brake pedal completely before attempting to startengine
- Your machine i designed to cut normal residential grass ofaheight no more than 10”, Do not attemptto mow through unusually tall, dry grass. pasture) o piles of dry leaves. Dry grass or leaves may contactthe engine exhaustand/orbuild up on the mower deck presenting a potential fire hazard.
- Use only acessories andattachments approved for this machine by the machine manufacturer, Read understand and follow al instructions provided with the approved accessory orattachment, Fora listof approved accessories and attachments, call 1-888-331-4568.
- Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, ae involved ina large percentage of riding mower related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury ifsituations occur which are not covered in this manual, use care and good judgment.
Slopes area major factor related toloss of control and tip-over accidents which can resultin severe injury or death All slopes require extra caution. Ifyou cannotback up the slope orif you feel uneasy onit, do not mow it.
For your safety, use the Slope Guide included as pat ofthis manual to measure slopes before operating this machine ona sloped or hilly area, Ifthe slopeis greater than 15 degrees as shown onthe Slope Guide, do not operate this machine on that. area or serious injury could result.
- Mow upand down slopes, notacros. Exercise extreme caution when changing direction on slopes.
- Watch for hole, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden objects. Uneven terain could overturn the machine. Tal grass can hide obstacles
- Use low speed. Choose alow enough speed setting sothat you will not have tostopor shift while on the slope. Ties may lose traction on slopes even though the brakes are functioning propery. Always keep machine in gear when going down slopes totake advantage of engine braking action.
- Follow the manufacture’ recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stabil.
- Use extra care with gras catchers or other attachments, These can change the stability of the machine
- Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Domnot make sudden changesin speed or direction, Rapid engagement or braking could cause the front ofthe machine toliftand rapidly flip over backwards which could cause serious injury
- Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. Ities lose traction, disengage the bade(s) and proceed slowly straight down the slope.
- Do notturn on slopes unless necessary; then, turn slowly and gradually downhl if possible
- Do not mow near drop-off, ditches or embankments. The mower could suddenly tur overifa wheel is over the edge ofa cif, ditch, orifan edge cavesin
- Do not ty to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.
- Do not use a grass catcher on steep slopes.
- Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause siding.
- Do notattempttocoast downhil, ver-speeding may cause the operator to lose control ofthe machine resulting in serious injury or death.
- Do not tow heavy pull behind attachments (e.g. loaded dump cat, lawn roller, etc) on slopes greater than 5 degrees. When going downhill the extra weight tends to push the tractor and may cause you to loose control (eg. tractormay speed up, braking and stering ability are reduced. attachment may jack-knife and cause tractor to overturn).
- Tragic accidents can ocurif the operator is notalert to the presence of children. Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity. They do not understand the dangers. Never assume tat children willremain where you last saw them.
- Keep children out of the mowing area and in watchful care of a responsible adultother than the operator.
- Be alert and turn machine offifa child enters the area
- Before and while backing lok behind and down for small children
- Never carry children, even withthe blade() shutoff. They may fll off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation
- Use extreme care when approaching blind comers, doorways, shrubs, trees or other objects that may block your vsion of child who may run into the machine
- To avoid back-over accidents, always disengage the cutting blade(s) before shifting into Reverse. If equipped, the "Reverse Caution Mode” (blades operate while machine rides in reverse) should nat be used when children or others are around
- Keep children away from hotor running engines. They can suffer burns from ahot muffler.
- Remove key when machine s unattended to prevent unauthorized operation.
Never allow children under 14 years of age to operate this machine. Children 14 and over should read andunderstand the instructions and safe operation practcesin his manual and on the machine and should be trained and supervised by an adut.
- Towronly with a machine that has a hitch designed for towing, Donat attach towed equipment exceptat the hitch point
- Follow the manufacturers recommendation for weight limits for towed equipment and towing on slopes
- Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment.
- On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may cause loss of traction and lossof contol Alwaysuse extra caution when towing with a machine capable of making tight turns e.g, “zero-turn’ ride-on mower), Make wide turns to avoid jack-knifing
- Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
- Do not coast downtil
Safe Handling of Gasoline:
To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme care in handling gasoline, Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Serious personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on yourself or your clothes which can ignite. Wash yourskin and change clothes immediately.
- Use only an approved gasoline container.
- Never fill containersinside a vehicle oron atruckor trailer bed with aplastic liner. Always place containers onthe ground away from your vehide before filling When practical, remove gas-powered equipment from the tuck or trailer and refuel iton the ground. I thisis not possible, then refuel such equipment on atrailer witha portable container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser nozzle
- Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or container opening atall times until fueling is complete, Donot usea nozzle lock-open device
- Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes andother sources of ignition
- Never fuel machine indoors
- Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine is ht or running, Allow engine to colat least two minutes before refueling
- Never overfill uel tank. ill tank tono more than inch below bottom of filler neck to allow space for fuel expansion
- Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely
- If gasoline is spilled, wipe itoff the engine and equipment. Move machine to another area, Wait minutes before starting the engine
- To reduce fire hazards, keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris build-up. Cleanup oil orfuel spillage and remove any fuel soaked debris
- Never store the machine or fuel container inside where theres an open flame, sparko pilot light as on a water heater, space heater, furnace, clothes dryer or ther gas appliances low a machine to cool atleast five minutes before storing.
- Neverrun an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated area, Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless, and deadly as.
- Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, make certain the blade(s) and all moving parts have stopped. Disconnect the sparkplug wire and ground against the engine to prevent unintendedstarting
- Periodically check to make sure the blades come to complete stop within approximately (5) five seconds after operating the blade disengagement control. Ithe blades do not stop within te this time frame, your machine shouldbe serviced professionally by a qualified service dealer
- Check brake operation frequently as itis subjected to wear during normal operation. Adjust and service as required.
- Check the blade(s) and engine mounting bots at frequent intervals for proper tightness, Also, visually inspect blade(s) for damage (e.g, excessive wear, bent, cracked). Replace the blade(s) withthe original equipment manufacture’ (0..M.)blade(s) only, istedin this manual. Use of parts which domot meet the original equipment specifications may lead to improper performance and compromise safety!
- Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear loves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
- Keep all nuts, bolts, and screws tight tobe sure the equipment isin safe working condition
- Never tamper with the safety interlock system or other safety devices. heck their proper operation regularly ter striking a foreign objec, stop the engine, disconnect the spark plug wires) and ground against the engine, Thoroughly inspect the machine for any damage. Repair the damage before starting and operating.
- Never attempt to make adjustments or repairs to the machine while the engine s running. ass catcher components and the discharge cove are subject to wear and damage which could expose moving parts or allow abjects to be thrown, For safety protection, frequently check components and replace immediately with original equipment manufacturer's (0.E.M) parts only. listed inthis manuel. Use of parts which do not meet the original equipment specifications may lead to improper performance and compromise safety!
- Donot change the engine governor settings or over-speed the engine. The governor controls the maximum safe operating speed ofthe engine.
- Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels as necessary.
- Observe proper disposal laws and regulations for gas, ol etc. to protec the environment.
- According tothe Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) and the US. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this product has an Average Useful Life of seven (7) years, or270 hours of operation, Atthe end of the Average Useful Life, by anew machine or have the machine inspected annually by a qualified service dealer to ensure thatall mechanical and safety systems are working properly and not wor excessively. Failure todo so can result in accidents injuries or death.
DO NOT MODIFY ENGINE
To avoid serious injury or death, do not modify engine in any way. Tampering with the governor setting can lead to a runaway engine and causeit to operate at unsafe speeds. Never tamper with factory setting of engine governor.
NOTICE REGARDING EMISSIONS
Engines which are certified to comply with California and federal EPA emission regulations for SORE (Small Off Road Equipment) are certified to operateon regular unleaded gasoline, and may include the following emission control systems: Engine Modification (EM), Oxidizing Catalyst (00). Secondary Air Injection (SAl) and Three Way Catalyst (TWQ if so equipped.
This machine is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brushcovered or grass-covered land unless the engine's exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrestor meeting applicable local or state laws (if any).
Ifa spark arrestor is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator. n the State of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 ofthe California Public Resources Code). Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands.
Aspark arrestor for the muffleris available through your nearest authorized Service Center, or by calling 1-888-331-4569.
This page depicts and describes safety symbols that may appear on this product. Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine before attempting to assemble and operate.
USE THIS SLOPE GAUGE TO DETERMINE IF A SLOPE IS TOO STEEP FOR SAFE OPERATION!
- To check the slope, proceed as follows:
- Remove this page and fold along the dashed line.
- Locate a vertical object on or behind the slope (e.g. a pole, building, fence, tree, etc.)
- Align either side of the slope gauge with the object (See Figure 1 and Figure 2 ).
- Adjust gauge up or down until the left corner touches the slope (See Figure 1 and Figure 2).
- If there is a gap below the gauge, the slope is too steep for safe operation (See Figure 2 above)
Warning: Slopes are a major factor related to tip-aver and rollover accidents which can result in severe injury or death. Do not operate machine on slopes in excessof 15 degrees. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if yeu feel uneasy anit, do not mow it Alvaysmavr up and down the face of slopes, never mow across the face of slopes.
ASSEMBLY & SET-UP
Contents of Carton
- Lawn Tractor (1)
- Ignition Key (2)
- Plastic Oil Drain Sleeve (1)
- Gil Drain Hose (1)
- Hood Scoop (1)
- Steering Wheel (1) --Cup Washer (1) & Hex Bol (1)
- Seat (1)
- Dash Shroud (1)
- Deck Wash Nozzle (1)
- Hose Coupler (1)
- Operator's Manual (1)
- Engine Operator’ Manual (1)
- Fast Start Guide(1)
- Parts/Warranty Document (1)
- Product Registration Card (1)
NOTE: his Operator's Manual covers several models, Features may vary by model. Notall featuresin this manual are applicable toall models and the model depicted may fiffer rom yours Refer to Figure 2-1 to match your transmission style; Foot Control CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission) or CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission) or Hydrostatic.
NOTE: This Operator's Manual covers several models.Features may vary by model. Notall featuesinthis manual areappicabetoallmodelsand the made depicted may dferfrom yours. Refer to Figure tomatch yourtransmission style Foot Control CVT Continuously Variable Transmission) or CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission).
- Adjustable Wrench or Socket Set
Moving the Tractor Manually
Hydrostatic models are equipped with a hydrastaticrelief valve when itis necessary to move the tractor manually. Activating this valve forces the fluid in the transmission tobypas its normal route, allowing the rear tires to “freewheel."To engage the hydrostaticrelief valve, proceed as follows:
1. Locate the hydrostatic bypass rod in the rear of the tractor. See Figure 2.
2. Pull the hydrostatic bypass rod outward, then down, to lock itin place. [NOTE:The transmission will NOT engage when the hydrostatic bypass rod ispulled out. Return te rod to its normal postion priorto operating the tractor.
IMPORTANT: Never attempt to move the tractor manually without first engaging the hydrostatic relief valve. Doing soil result in serious damage to the tractor’s transmission.
STOP! Continue to Controls & Operations section page 15.
Foot Control CVT & CVT Models CVT models canbe placed in the NEUTRAL (N)postion when itis necessary to move the tractor manually. To move the tractor manually, place the shift ever in the NEUTRAL (N) position.
STOP! Continue to Controls & Operations section page 15.
Connecting the Battery Cables
When attaching battery cables, always connect the POSITIVE (Red) wire to its terminal first, followed by the NEGATIVE (Black) wire.
For shipping reasons, both battery cables on your equipment may have been left isconnected from the terminals at the factory. To connect the battery cables. proceed as follows: [NOTE:The positive batery terminal is marked Pos. (+).The negative battery terminalis marked Neg, (-).
3. Remove the plastic cover, present, from the positive battery terminal and attach thered cable othe positive battery terminal (+) with the bot (a) and hex nut (b). See Figure 3.
4. Remove the plastic cover, if present, from the negative battery terminal and attach the black cableto the negative battery terminal (~) with the bot (a) and hex nut (b). See Figure 3.
5. Position the red rubber boot (c) over the positive battery terminal tohelp protect from corrosion [NOTE: ithe battery is put into service after the date shown on topiside of battery, charge the battery as instructed inthe Service section your
Operator's Manual on page 24 priar to operating the tractr.
Shipping Brace Removal
Make sure the tractor’s engine is OFF, remove the ignition key, and set the parking brake before removing te shipping brace. Refer tothe Controls & Operations section on page 16 for instructions on how to set the parking brake.
Check the cutting deck for a shipping brace (a) that may be holding the chute deflector (b) upward for shipment. the shipping brace (ais present, it must be removed before operating te tractor. Holding the chute deflector (b) fully upward. remove the shipping brace (a. Lower the chute deflector (b) and discard the shipping brace (a. See Figure 2-3
The shipping brace (a) is used for packaging purposes only, it must be removed and discarded before operating your tractor.
The cutting deck is capable of throwing objects. Failure to operate the tractor without the chute deflector in the proper operating position could result in serious personal injury and/or property damage.
Attaching the Steering Wheel
1. If the steering wheel a) for yourtractor did nat come attached, the hardware for attaching it has been packed within the steering wheel 2. beneath te steering wheel cap (b). Carefully pry OFF the steeringwheel cap (b) and remove the cupped washer (c)andhex bolt). See Figure 5.
With the wheels ofthe tractor pointing straight forward, place the steering whee! (a) over the stering shaft (e). See Figure 5
Place the cupped washer (c)~- cupped side down -- over the steering wheel (a) and secure withthe hex bolt (d). See Figures.
Place the steering wheel cap (b) over the center of the steering wheel) and push downward untiit “clicks” into place. See Figure.
Attaching the Seat
If the eat for your tractor wasnot attachedat the factory, refer tothe following steps. [NOTE:For shipping reasons, seats are either fastened tothe tractor seat’ pivot bracketwith a cable te, or mounted backward tothe pivat bracket. In either case. remove the seat from is shipping position.
1. Remove the seat adjustment knob (a) from the bottom of the seat (b). See Figure 6.
2. Align the seat (b) over the seat pivot bracket (c) as shown in Figure 6 and fit the seat (b) onto the seat pivot bracket (inserting the two tabs onthe seat (b) bottom into the slots on the seat pivot bracket (c)
3. Slide the seat (b) rearward inthe seat pivot bracket (9 ining up the center rear slot inthe seat pivot bracket (Q with the remaining hole in the seat (b) base, See Figure7.
NOTE:Be certain the two seat tabs engage the seat pivot bracket as shown in the bottom right inset of Fgure 7
4. Selec the desired position forthe seat (b), andsecure with the adjustment knob (a) removed in Step 1. See Figure 5.
5. Toadjust the position of the seat, remove the adjustment knob (a) on the bottom of the seat (b), Side the seat (b)forwardor backward as desired Reinstall the adjustment knob (a). See Figure 7.
Dash Shroud (If Equipped)
1. Ifthe dash shroud (a) was shipped loose, the hardware for attaching the dash shroud (a) is shipped installed inthe dash shroud (a). Remove the two bolts (b) from the dash shroud a). See Figure 8.
2. Mount the dash shroud (a) and align the mounting holes. See Figure 8.
3. Secure the dash shroud (a) tothe dash () withthe bots (b)removedin Step 1 See Figure 8.
Equal tire pressure should be maintained at all times. Never exceed the maximum inflation pressure shown on the sidewall of the tire. The recommended operating tire pressure is:
+ Approximately 10 si forthe rear tres
+ Approximately 14psiforthe front tres
IMPORTANT: Refer tothe tire sidewall for exact tre manufacturer recommended or maximum ps. Do not overinflate. Uneven tre pressure could cause the cutting deck to mow unevenly.
Gas & Oil Fill-up
IMPORTANT: Your tractors shipped with mator oi inthe engine. However, you MUST check the oil evel before operating. Be careful notto overfill Service and check the engine oilas instructed in the Engine Operator's Manual, Read the instructions carefull.
The gasoline tank is located under the hood. Do not overfill.
Warning: Use extreme care when handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and thevaporsare explosive. Never fuel machine indoors orwhile the engine ishot or running, Extinguish dgarettes, cigars, pipes, and other sources of ignition.
NOTE: Purchase gasoline in small quantities. Do not use gasoline left over from the previous season, tominimize gum deposits in the fuel system.
- This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline, For bestresults, fill the fuel tank with only dean, fesh, unleaded gasoline with a pump sticker octane rating of 87 orhigher.
- Gasohal (up to 109%ethyl alcohol, 90% unleaded gasoline by volume) is an approved fuel, Other gasoline/alcohol blends, such as E85, are not approved.
- Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) and unleaded gasoline blends (up toa maximum of 15% MTBE by volume) ae approved fuels. ther gasolin/ether blends are not approved.
- Fill uel tank outdoors or in well-ventilated area
- Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engines hot orrunning. Allow engine to cool atleast two minutes before refueling.
- If gasolineis spilled wipeit off the engine and equipment, Move machine to another area. Wait five minutes before starting the engine.
To Add Gasoline
Referto Figure 1 and proceed to your applicable model for your gas tank
1. Turn the engine OFF and let the engine cool at least two minutes before removing the fuel cap. The gasoline tanks located under the hood, Remove the fuel cap by turningit counter-lockwise
2. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline, Use only clean, fresh (no mare than 30 days old), unleaded gasoline. il tank tothe base of the filler neck to allow space for uel expansion, DO NOT TOP OFF THE TANK WITH FUEL. See Figure 9
3. Reinstall the fuel cap.
STOP! Continue to Setting the Deck Gauge Wheels (If Equipped) on page 12
Foot Control CVT Models & CVT Models
1. Tum the engine OFF and let engine cool at least twominutes before removing the fuel cap. The gasoline tanks located under the hood, Remove the uel cap by turning it counter-cockwise
2. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline, Use onl clean, fresh (no more than 30 days ld) unleaded gasoline. illtank to no more than % below bottom of filler neck toallow space for fuel expansion. See Figure 10.
3. Reinstall the fuel cap.
IMPORTANT: Do not overfill the tank. Fill tank tono more than ¥2" below bottom of filler neck toallow space for fuel expansion. See Figure 10.
STOP! Continue to Setting the Deck Gauge Wheels (If Equipped) on page 14.
Setting the Deck Gauge Wheels (If Equipped)
Movethe tractor toa firm and level surface, preferably pavement, and proceed as follows
1. Select the height position of the cuting deck by placing the dec iftleverin the normally desired mowing height setting (there are sx different cutting height notches onthe right fender.
2 Checkthe deck gauge wheels for contact o excessive clearance with the surface below. The deck gauge wheels should have between ’ and 1” clearance above the ground
3. Ifthe gauge heals have excessive clearance or contact with the surface. adjustas follows
a. Raise the deck lift handle to its highest setting.
b. Remove the front and rear deck gauge wheels (a) by removing the lock nuts (b) and shoulder screws (c) which secure them to the deck. See Figure 11.
c Placethe deck lft leverin the desired mowing height setting.
d. Reinsertthe shoulder screws (into the index hole that eaves approximately 1" between the bottom ofthe deck gauge whe (a) and the pavement. Secure in place with the loc nut (0)
4. Refer to Leveling the Deck in the Service ection on page 26 of this manual for more detailed instructions regarding various deck adjustments.
Attaching the Hood Scoop (If Necessary/If Equipped)
1. On some tractors, a hood scoop may be included. If the hood scoopwas not installed on the hood of your tractor at the factory, refer to the following steps to instal the hood scoop:
2. Cutthe cable tes securing the hood scoop tothe tractr.
3. Remove the four screws pre-installed inthe hood scoop and retain for Step 4
Newest Added: CMXGRAM1130043 CMCMW260P1 CMXGMAM1125506 CMXGMAM1125501 CMCMW270Z1
4. Snap the hood scoop into place usingthe hood as your guide. See Figure 12
5. Install the hood scoop onto the hood of the tractor and secure from the underside using the four screws removed in Step2.
Now that you have set up your riding mower, it’s important to become acquainted with its controls and features. Refer to Figure 13.
NOTE: References to LEFT, RIGHT, FRONT, and REAR indicate that position on the riding mower when facing forward while seated in the operator's seat.
Throttle/Choke Control Lever
The throttle/choke control lever is located on the left side of the lawn tractor’s dash panel. This lever controls the speed of the engine, as well as the choke whenit is pushed all the way forward. When set in a given position, the throttle will maintain a uniform engine speed.
IMPORTANT: When operating the lawn tractor with the cutting deck engaged, be certain that the throttle/choke control lever is always in the FAST (rabbit) position.
Moving the throttle/choke control lever all the way forward activates the engine's choke control. Activating the choke control closes the choke plate on the carburetor and aids in starting the engine.
Refer to Starting the engine on page 18 for detailed starting instructions.
Speed Control Lever
The speed control lever, located on the left rear fender. controls the ground speed of the lawn tractor as well as the direction of travel.
To drive forward or in reverse, slowly move the speed control lever to the desired “F” forward or “R” reverse speed.
To stop, move the speed control lever to the “N” neutral position.
When mowing, place the speed control lever in the “Cutting Speed” position, or a slower forward speed for the best results.
NOTE: Do notuse the parking brake pedal to control the ground speed of the lawn tractor. Always use the speed control lever to slow the ground speed of thelawn tractor. Depressing the parking brake pedal with the speed control lever engaged as part of regular operation will result in premature wear of the drive belt.
IMPORTANT: Do not attempt to change the direction of travel when the lawn tractor isin motion. Serious damage to the lawn tractor’s transmission could result. Always bring the lawn tractor to a complete stop before moving the speed control lever from forward to reverse orice versa.
The speed control lever, located on the lower left side of the lawn tractor’s dash console, allows you to regulate the ground speed of the lawn tractor.
To use, depress the clutch-brake pedal and move the lever out of the parking brake notch and forward to increase the lawn tractor's ground speed. When a desired speed has been reached, release the lever into an appropriate notch to maintain that speed.
To slow the lawn tractor’s ground speed, depress the clutch-brake pedal and move the speed control lever rearward and release it into a notch.
Parking Brake Pedal & Lever (If equipped)
The parking brake pedal is located on the left side running board of the lawn tractor. Itis used to set the parking brake and to stop the lawn tractor in sudden situations. The parking brake lever is located on the left side of the lawn tractor’s dash panel.
To set the parking brake: Fully depress the parking brake pedal. Move the parking brake lever all the way down and into the parking brake position (PARK BRAKE ON) and then release the brake pedal to allow the parking brake to engage.
To release the parking brake: Depress the brake pedal and the parking brake lever will automatically move out of the parking brake position.
Ina sudden situation, fully depress the brake pedal to bring the lawn tractor toa stop and then immediately move the speed control lever to the “N” neutral position.
IMPORTANT: Do not use the parking brake pedal to control the ground speed of the lawn tractor. Doing so will result in premature wear of drive belt. Always use the speed control lever to control the ground speed of the lawn tractor and to stop the lawn tractor under normal circumstances.
NOTE: The parking brake pedal must be depressed to start the engine. The parking brake must also be set if the operator leaves the seat with the engine running or the engine will automatically shut OFF. Refer to Safety Interlock Switches on page 14.
Clutch-Brake Pedal (If equipped)
The clutch-brake pedal is located on the left side of the lawn tractor, along the running board. Depress the clutch-brake pedal part way down when slowing the tractor by changing speeds (Refer to Speed Control Lever). Depress the pedal all the way down to engage the disc brake and bring the tractor to a complete stop.
NOTE: The pedal must be depressed to start the engine. Refer to Safety Interlock Switches later in this section of this manual.
Shift Lever (CVT & Foot Control CVT Models)
The shift lever is located on the left side of the fender and has three positions; FORWARD (F), NEUTRAL (N) and REVERSE (R). The brake pedal must be depressed and the lawn tractor must not be in motion when moving the shift lever.
IMPORTANT: Never force the shift lever. Doing so may result in serious damage to the lawn tractor's transmission.
Drive Pedal (If equipped)
The drive pedal is located on the right side of the lawn tractor, along the running board. Depress the drive pedal forward and the lawn tractor will move in the direction that the shift lever is engaged in. To cause the lawn tractor to travel forward, while at a complete stop, move the shift lever into the FORWARD (F) position. Gradually step on the drive pedal and the lawn tractor will begin to move forward. To move in REVERSE (R), follow the same procedure only move the shift lever into the REVERSE (R) position.
The ground speed is controlled with the drive pedal. The further forward that the pedal is pivoted, the faster the lawn tractor will travel. The pedal will return to its original position when it’s not depressed. Refer to Driving the Lawn Tractor on page
19 for detailed instructions regarding the drive pedal.
IMPORTANT: Always set the parking brake when leaving the lawn tractor unattended.
The headlights are located on the front of the lawn tractor.
- On some models, the lamps are ON when the lawn tractor's engine is running.
- On some models, the lamps are ON whenever the ignition key is moved out of the STOP position.
- On all models, the lamps turn OFF when the ignition key is moved to the STOP position.
Ignition Switch Module
To start the engine, insert the key into the ignition switch and turn clockwise to the START position. Release the key into the NORMAL MOWING MODE position once the engine has fired. The headlights will be activated in the NORMAL (and REVERSE CAUTION MODES).
To stop the engine, turn the key counter-clockwise to the OFF or STOP position. See Figure 14.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always disengage PTO, move shift lever into neutral position, set parking brake, stop engine and remove key to prevent unintended starting.
IMPORTANT: Prior to operating the lawn tractor, refer to both Safety Interlock Switches and Starting The Engine in the Operation section of this manual for detailed instructions regarding the Ignition Switch Module and operating the lawn tractor in REVERSE CAUTION MODE.
Deck Lift Lever
The deck lift lever is located on the lawn tractor’s right fender. It is used to change the height of the cutting deck. To use, move the lever to the left. then place in the position best suited for your application.
The PTO Lever is located on the lawn tractor’s right fender. It is used to engage power to the cutting deck or other optional attachments. To operate, move the lever all the way forward. Moving the lever all the way rearward into the PTO OFF position disengages power to the cutting deck orattachment.
NOTE: The PTO lever must be in the disengaged (OFF) position when starting the engine.
Safety Interlock Switches
This lawn tractor is equipped with a safety interlock system for the protection of the operator. If the interlock system malfunctions, do not operate the lawn tractor. Contact an authorized service dealer.
The safety interlock system prevents the engine from cranking or starting unless the parking brake is engaged, and the PTO lever is in the disengaged (OFF) position.
The engine will automatically shut OFF if the operator leaves the seat before engaging the parking brake.
The engine will automatically shut OFF if the operator leaves the lawn tractor’s seat with the PTO lever in the engaged (ON) position, regardless of whether the parking brake is engaged.
With the ignition key in the NORMAL DRIVING MODE position, the engine will automatically shut OFF if the PTO lever is moved into the engaged (ON) position with the speed control in REVERSE (R) position.
Do not operate the lawn tractor if the interlock system is malfunctioning. This system was designed for your safety and protection.
Reverse Caution Mode
Use extreme caution while operating the lawn tractor in the REVERSE CAUTION MODE. Always look down and behind before and during lawn tractor backing. Do not operate the lawn tractor when children or others are around. Stop the lawn tractor immediately if someone enters the area.
The REVERSE CAUTION MODE position of the ignition switch module allows the lawn tractor to be operated in reverse with the blades (PTO) engaged.
IMPORTANT: Mowing in the reverse direction is not recommended.
To use the REVERSE CAUTION MODE:
IMPORTANT: The operator MUST be seated in the lawn tractor seat.
1. Start the engine as instructed on page 18.
2. Turn the key from the NORMAL DRIVING MODE (Green) position to the REVERSE CAUTION MODE (Yellow) position of the ignition switch module. See Figure 15.
3. Depress the REVERSE PUSH BUTTON (Orange, Triangular Button) at the top, right corner of the ignition switch module. The red indicator light at the top, left comer of the ignition switch module will be ON while activated. See Figure 15.
4. Once activated (indicator light ON), the lawn tractor can be driven in reverse with the cutting blades (PTO) engaged.
5. Always look down and behind before and while backing to make sure no children are around.
6. After resuming forward motion, return the key to the NORMAL DRIVING MODE position.
IMPORTANT: The REVERSE CAUTION MODE will remain activated until:
The key is placed in either the NORMAL DRIVING MODE position or STOP position.
The operator engages the parking brake by fully depressing the brake pedal and holding it down while moving the parking brake lever into the PARK BRAKE position.
Engaging the Parking Brake
1. Fully depress the brake pedal/clutch-brake pedal and hold it down with your foot.
2. Move the parking brake lever all the way down and into the ON position.
3. Release the brake pedal/dutch-brake pedal to allow the parking brake to engage.
Releasing the Parking Brake
Depress the brake pedal/clutch-brake pedal and move the parking brake lever out of the ON position and into the OFF position.
Setting the Cutting Height
1. Select the height position of the cutting deck by placing the deck lift lever in any of the five different cutting height notches on the right side of the fender.
2. Adjust the deck wheels, if equipped, so that they are between 4” and 14" above the ground when the lawn tractor is on a smooth, flat surface such as a driveway.
Warning: Keep hands and feet away from the discharge opening of the cutting deck.
NOTE: On models so equipped, the deck wheels are an anti-scalp feature of the deck and are not designed to support the weight of the cutting deck.
NOTE: Refer to Leveling the Deck on page 26 for more detailed instructions regarding various deck adjustments.
Starting the Engine
Do not operate the lawn tractor if the interlock system Is malfunctioning. This system was designed for your safety and protection.
NOTE: Refer to Gas & Oil fill-up instructions on page 11.
1. Insert the key into the ignition switch.
2. Place the PTO lever in the disengaged (PTO OFF) position.
3. Engage the lawn tractor’s parking brake (if equipped).
4. Activate the choke control.
5. Turn the key clockwise to the START position. After the engine starts, release the key. It will return to the PTO ON (or NORMAL DRIVING MODE) position.
IMPORTANT: Do NOT hold the key in the START position for longer than 10 seconds ata time. Doing so may cause damage to your engine's electric starter.
6. After the engine starts, deactivate the throttle/choke control lever and place the throttle/choke control lever in the FAST position.
NOTE: Do NOT leave the choke control on while operating the lawn tractor. Doing so will result ina “rich” fuel mixture and cause the engine to run poorly.
Stopping the Engine
If you strike a foreign object, stop the engine, disconnect the spark plug wire(s) and ground against the engine. Thoroughly inspect the machine for any damage. Repair the damage before restarting and operating.
1. If the blades are engaged, place the PTO lever in the disengaged (OFF) position.
2. Turn the key counter-clockwise to the STOP position.
3. Remove the key from the ignition switch to prevent unintended starting.
Driving the Lawn Tractor
IMPORTANT: First-time operators should become completely familiar with the lawn tractor’s operation and controls before operating the lawn tractor in higher speed positions.
Always look down and behind before and while traveling in reverse to avoid a back-over accident.
Before leaving the operator's position, place the P10 lever in the disengaged (PTO OFF) position, place speed control lever in NEUTRAL (N), set parking brake, stop engine and remove key to prevent unintended starting. Depress the parking brake pedal to release the parking brake and let the pedal up.
1. Move the throttle lever into the FAST (rabbit) position.
NOTE: Always operate the lawn tractor with the throttle control lever in the
FAST (rabbit) position for the most efficient use of the cutting deck or other (separately available) attachments.
2. Depress the parking brake pedal to release the parking brake.
3. Slowly move the speed control lever in desired FORWARD (F) or REVERSE (R) position. The further forward or rearward that the lever is moved, the faster the lawn tractor will travel.
Do NOT attempt to change the direction of travel when the lawn tractor i: in motion. Always bring the lawn tractor to a complete stop before moving the speed control lever from forward to reverse or vice versa. Failure to do so could result in serious damage to your lawn tractor’s transmission.
IMPORTANT: First-time operators should use slower speeds. Become completely familiar with the lawn tractor's operation and controls before operating the lawn tractor at higher speed.
4. To stop, move the speed control lever to the NEUTRAL (N) position.
IMPORTANT: In a sudden situation, fully depress the brake pedal to bring the lawn tractor to a stop and then immediately move the speed control lever to the “N” neutral position.
5. Set the parking brake by fully depressing the parking brake pedal and keeping it depressed while placing the parking brake lever in the ON position. Release the parking brake pedal to allow the parking brake to engage.
Before leaving the operator's position for any reason, disengage the blades, place the speed control lever in neutral, engage the parking brake. shut engine OFF and remove the key.
1. Depress the clutch-brake pedal to release the parking brake and let the pedal up.
2. Move the throttle lever into the FAST (rabbit) position.
3. Place the shift lever in either the FORWARD (F) or REVERSE (R) position.
Do NOT use the shift lever to change the direction of travel when the lawn tractor isin motion. Always use the clutch-brake pedal to bring the lawn tractor to a complete stop before shifting.
4. Release the parking brake by depressing the clutch-brake pedal and positioning the speed control lever in desired position.
IMPORTANT: First-time operators should use speed positions 1 or 2. Become completely familiar with the lawn tractor’s operation and controls before operating the lawn tractor in higher speed positions.
5. Release clutch-brake pedal slowly to put unit into motion.
6. The lawn tractor is brought to a stop by depressing the clutch-brake pedal.
NOTE: When operating the unit initially, there will be little difference between the highest two speeds until after the belts have seated themselves into the pulleys during the break-in period.
Before leaving the operator's position for any reason, disengage the blades, place the shift lever in neutral, engage the parking brake, shut engine OFF and remove the key.
If unit stalls with speed control in high speed, or if unit will not operate with speed control lever in a low speed position, proceed as follows:
1. Place shift lever in NEUTRAL (N).
2. Restart engine.
3. Place speed control lever in highest speed position.
4. Release clutch-brake pedal fully.
5. Depress clutch-brake pedal.
6. Place speed control lever in desired position.
7. Place shift lever in either FORWARD (F) or REVERSE (R), and follow normal operating procedures.
Foot Control CVT
1. Depress the brake pedal to release the parking brake and let the pedal up.
2. Move the throttle lever into the FAST (rabbit) position.
3. Place the shift lever in either the FORWARD (F) or REVERSE (R) position.
Do NOT use the shift lever to change the direction of travel when the lawn tractor isin motion. Always use the clutch-brake pedal to bring the lawn tractor to a complete stop before
4. Gradually begin to apply pressure to the drive pedal. The further down the pedal is pushed, the faster the lawn tractor will travel in the desired direction based on the position of the shift lever.
5. The lawn tractor is brought to a stop by releasing the drive pedal and then depressing the brake pedal.
Warning: Before leaving the operator's position for any reason, disengage the blades, place the shift lever in NEUTRAL (N), engage the parking brake. shut engine OFF and remove the key.
Parking the Lawn Tractor
IMPORTANT: When stopping the lawn tractor for any reason while on a grass surface:
1. Place the speed control lever/shift lever in N (neutral).
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Shut engine OFF and remove the key. Doing so will minimize the possibility of having your lawn “browned” by hot exhaust from your lawn tractor's running engine.
Driving On Slopes
Refer to the SLOPE GAUGE on page 8 to help determine slopes where you may operate the lawn tractor safely.
Do not mow on inclines with a slope in excess of 15 degrees (arise of approximately 2-/2 feet every 10 feet). The lawn tractor could overturn and cause serious
- Mow up and down slopes, NEVER across.
- Exercise extreme caution when changing direction on slopes.
- Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
- Avoid turns when driving on a slope. If a turn must be made, turn down the slope. Turning up a slope greatly increases the chance of a roll over.
- Avoid stopping when driving up a slope. If itis necessary to stop while driving upa slope, start up smoothly and carefully to reduce the possibility of flipping the lawn tractor over backward.
Engaging the Blades
Engaging the PTO (blade engage) transfers power to the cutting deck. To engage the blades, proceed as follows:
1. Move the throttle control lever to the FAST (rabbit) position.
2. Grasp the PTO lever and pivot it all the way forward into the engaged (PTO ON) position.
3. Keep the throttle lever in the FAST (rabbit) position for the most efficient use of the cutting deck or other optional attachments.
IMPORTANT: Models with REVERSE CAUTION MODE: The engine will automatically shut OFF if the PTO is engaged with the speed control lever in position for reverse travel with the key in the NORMAL DRIVING MODE position.
IMPORTANT: Models without REVERSE CAUTION MODE: The PTO lever must be in the disengaged (PTO OFF) position when starting the engine, when traveling in reverse, and ifthe operator leaves the seat. Refer to Safety Interlock Switches on page 17.
Using the Deck Lift Lever
To raise the cutting deck, move the deck lift lever to the left, then placeit in the notch best suited for your application. Refer to Setting the Cutting Height on page 15.
To help avoid blade contact or a thrown object injury, keep bystanders. helpers, children and pets at least 75 feet from the machine whil operation. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
The following information will be helpful when using the cutting deck with your lawn tractor:
Plan your mowing pattern to avoid discharge of materials toward roads. sidewalks, bystanders and the like. Also, avoid discharging material against a wall or obstruction which may cause discharged material to ricochet back toward the operator.
- Do not mow at high ground speed, especially if a mulch kit or grass collector is installed.
- For best results it is recommended that the first two laps be cut with the discharge thrown towards the center. After the first two laps, reverse the direction to throw the discharge to the outside for the balance of cutting. This will give a better appearance to the lawn.
- Do not cut the grass too short. Short grass invites weed growth and yellows quickly in dry weather.
- Mowing should always be done with the engine at full throttle.
- Under heavier conditions it may be necessary to go back over the cut area a second time to geta clean cut.
- Do NOT attempt to mow heavy brush and weeds and extremely tall grass. Your lawn tractor is designed to mow lawns, NOT clear brush.
- Keep the blades sharp and replace the blades when worn. Refer to Cutting Blades on page 27 for proper blade sharpening instructions.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
Warning: Before performing any type of maintenance/service, disengage all controls and stop the engine. Wait until all moving parts have come to acomplete stop. Disconnect spark plug wire and ground it against the engine to prevent unintended starting. Always wear safety glasses during operation or while performing any adjustments or repairs.
Follow the maintenance schedule given below. This chart describes service guidelines only. Use the Service Log column to keep track of completed maintenance tasks. To locate the nearest Parts & Repair Service Center or to schedule service, simply contact 1-888-331-4569.
Refer to the Engine Operator's Manual for the engine maintenance items listed in the table below.
*-- Perform more often in dry conditions and/or when mulching
Before performing any maintenance or repairs, disengage PTO, move shift lever into neutral position, set parking brake, stop engine and remove key to prevent unintended starting.
If the engine has been recently run, the engine, muffler and surrounding metal surfaces will be hot and can cause burnsto the skin. Exercise caution to avoid burns.
Post-Operation Rider Care iter each operation ofthe rider, the following procedures should be implemented to extend the life of your rider and ensure safe operating conditions.
DANGER: Failure to follow these recommendations may result in serious injury to yourself or others and may cause damage to the rider.
Cleaning the Underside of the Deck
Deck Wash System (If equipped)
Some tractors come fitted with a Deck Wash System, which is used to rinse grass clippings from the deck’s underside and prevent the buildup of corrosive chemicals.
Other tractors may have a deck wash plug, allowing for a Deck Wash System that can be added ata later time. If this is the case, a hex bolt and washer can be found onyour tractor’s deck surface and can be replaced with a water port to be used as part of an optional deck wash system.
Usethe deck wash system to rinse grass clippings from the deck’s underside and prevent the buildup of corrosive chemicals. Complete the following steps AFTER EACH MOWING:
1. Drivethe rider toa level, clear spot on your lawn, near enough foryour garden hose to reach.
Warning: Make certain the rider's discharge chute is directed AWAY from people. your house, garage, parked cars, etc.
2. Disengage the '1¥, set the parking Drake and stop the engine.
3. Thread the hose coupler (packaged with your rider’s Operator's Manual) onto the end of your garden hose.
4. Attach the hose coupler to the water port on your decks surface. See Figure 1.
Note: Make sure that the hose isnot routed under the deck ands clear ofall moving parts.
5. Turn the water on.
6. While sitting in the operator's position on the rider, start the engine and place the throttle lever in the FAST position.
7. Move the rider's PTO into the engaged (ON) position.
8. Remain nthe operatorspositon wth the deck engage fra minimum of two minutes, allowing the underside of the deck to thoroughly rinse.
9. Move the riders PTO into the disengaged (OFF) position.
10. Turn the ignition key to the STOP position to turn the rider's engine oft.
11. Tumthe water ofan taht secur fot water part onyourdeds surface.
Note: On 50" and 54” decks there are two water ports; one on each side of the deck.
12. After cleaning your deck with the Smart Jet system, retum to the operator's position andengage the PTO. Keep the deck running fora minimum oftwo minutes, allowing the underside of the deck tothoroughly dry.
Cleaning the Rider
If the rider has been recently run, the engine, muffler and surrounding metal surfaces will be hot and can cause burns to the skin. Let the engine cool for at least five minutes Exercise caution to avoid burns.
Your rider should be cleaned after each use and under certain conditions, ie. dry conditions and/or mulching situations, additional cleaning may be necessary.
One of the best ways to keep your rider running efficiently and to reduce fire risk is to regularly remove debris buildup from the rider. Follow the recommendations below and contact your authorized dealer with any questions.
1. Allow the machine to cool in an openarea before cleaning.
2. Do not use water on any part of the rider except the underside of the cutting deck. Doing so can cause damage to the rider's spindle bearings, electrical system and engine, leading to premature failures. The use of compressed air and/or leaf blower will help keep the rider clean.
3. Clean under the hood. Exhaust manifold, around fuses, all wiring and _ harnesses, muffler pipe, muffler shield, engine intake screens and cooling fins, etc. See Figure 2.
4. Clean the top of the mower deck, under the spindle covers and belt area. See
5. Clean around and near the transmission, axle and the fan area. See Figure 4.
6. Debris can accumulate any where on the rider, especially on horizontal surfaces. Additional cleaning may be necessary when mowingin dry conditions or when mulching.
7. Fuel leaks/spills, oil leaks/spills and excess lubrication can also become collections sites for debris. Immediate repair and cleaning up oil or fuel spills can help reduce fire hazards.
8. Inaddition to cleaning the rider before operating and storing, do not. attempt to mow unusually tall grass (10” or higher), dry grass (e.g., pasture) or piles of dry leaves. Dry grass or leaves may contact the engine exhaust and/or build up on the mower deck presentinga potential fire hazard.
Refer to the Engine Operator's Manual for engine maintenance instructions.
Check engine oil level before each use as instructed in the Engine Operator's Manual. Follow the instructions carefully.
Changing Engine Oil
Oil Drain Hose Models
If the engine has been recently run, the engine, muffler and surrounding metal surfaces will be hot and can cause burns to the skin. Exercise caution to avoid burns.
NOTE: The oil filter (if equipped) should be changed at every oil change interval.
To complete the oil change, proceed as follows:
1. Run the engine for a few minutes to allow the oil in the crankcase to warm. Warm oil will flow more freely and carry away more of the engine sediment which may have settled at the bottom of the crankcase. Use care to avoid burns from hot oil.
2. Open the tractor’s hood and locate the oil drain port on the left side of the engine.
3. Open the protective cap on the end of the oil drain valve to expose the drain port. See inset of Figure 5.
4. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick from the oil fill tube.
5. Push the oil drain hose (provided) onto the oil drain port. Route the opposite end of the hose into an appropriate oil collection container with at least a 2.5 quart capacity, to collect the used oil.
6. Slightly push in on the oil drain valve and rotate counter-clockwise to open and allowthe flow of ol. Se Figure 5.
7. After the oil has finished draining, push the oil drain valve back in and rotate into the locked position. Re-cap the end of the oil drain valve to keep debris from entering the drain port.
8. Replace the oil filter (if equipped) as instructed in the Engine Operator's Manual.
9. Refill the engine with new oil. Refer to the Engine Operator's Manual for information regarding the proper quantity and viscosity of engine oil.
Oil Drain Sleeve Models
If the engine has been recently run, the engine, muffler and surrounding metal surfaces will be hot and can cause burnsto the skin. Exercise caution to avoid burns.
To complete the oil change, proceeds follows:
1. Run the engine fora few minutes to allow the oil in the crankcase to warm. Warm oil will flow more freely and carry away more of the engine sediment which may have settled at the bottom of the crankcase. Use care to avoid burns from hot oil.
2. Open the tractor’s hood and locate the oil drain port onthe left side of the engine.
3. Unscrew the oil fill cap and remove the dipstick from the oil fill tube.
4. Snap the small end of oil drain sleeve onto the oil sump. See Figure 6.
5. Remove drain plug and drain oil into a suitable container with a capacity of no less than 64 oz.
6. Service ol iter (if equipped) as instructed in the separate Engine Operator's Manual.
7. Perform the previous steps in the opposite order after oil has finished draining.
8. Refill the engine with new oil. Refer to the Engine Operator's Manual for information regarding the proper quantity and viscosity of engine oil.
Before lubricating, repairing, or inspecting, always disengage PTO, move shift lever into neutral position, set parking brake, stop engine and remove key to prevent unintended starting.
Lubricate the engine with motor oil as instructed in the Engine Operator's Manual.
Pivot Points & Linkage
Lubricate all the pivot points on the drive system, parking brake and deck lft linkage at least once a season with light oil.
The rear wheels should be removed from the axles once a season. Lubricate the axles and the rims with an all-purpose grease before re-installing them.
Front Axles (Hydrostatic only)
Each end of the tractors front pivot bar may be equipped witha grease fitting. Lubricate with a grease gun after every 25 hours of tractor operation.
Replace headlight bulbs as follows:
1. Fully raise the hood ofthe tractor.
2. Unplug the wire harness leads from the headlight socket terminals. Note which wire connects to each terminal before disconnecting.
3. Rotate the socketassembly approximately a Y4-turn to align the socket tab with the reflector housing notch, then withdraw the bulb and socket assembly from the reflector housing. See Figure 7.
4. Push the bulb inward and turn counter-clockwise to remove from the socket.
5. Align a locking post of the bulb base with the notch in the socket, then push the bulb inward and turn clockwise to lock. See Figure Z
6. Align the socket tab with the notch of the reflector housing; then push the socket inward and turn as necessary to lock the socket in the housing.
7. Connect the wire harness leads to the appropriate socket terminals.
Cleaning the Engine
Any fuel oroil spilled on the machine should be wiped off promptly. Do NOT allow debris to accumulate around the cooling fins of the engine oron any other part of the machine.
IMPORTANT: The use of a pressure washer to clean your tractor is NOT recommended. It may cause damage to electrical components, spindles, pulleys. bearings or the engine.
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNING! Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handli
If removing the battery, disconnect the NEGATIVE (Black) wire from its terminal first, followed by the POSITIVE (Red) wire. When re-installing the battery, always connect the POSITIVE (Red) wire to its terminal first. followed by the NEGATIVE (Black) wire.
The battery is sealed and is maintenance-free. Acid levels cannot be checked.
- Always keep the battery cables and terminals clean and free of corrosive build-up.
- After cleaning the battery and terminals, apply a light coat of petroleum jelly or grease to both terminals.
- Always keep the rubber boot positioned over the positive terminal to prevent shorting.
IMPORTANT: Be certain that the wires are connected to the correct terminals; reversing them could change the polarity and result in damage to your engine’s alternating system.
Clean the battery by removingit from the tractor and washing witha baking soda and water solution. ifnecessary, clean the battery terminals witha wire brush to remove deposit
Coat terminals and exposed wiring with a light coat of petroleum jelly or grease to both terminals prevent corrosion.
Some common causes for battery failure are:
- Incorrect initial activation
- Corroded connections
NOTE: These failures are NOT covered by your tractor’s warranty.
Batteries emit an explosive gas while charging. Charge the battery ina well ventilated area and keep away from an open flame or pilot light as ona water heater, space heater, furnace, clothes dryer or other gas appliances.
When charging your tractor’s battery, use only a charger designed for 12V lead- acd batteries. Read your battery charger’s Owner's Manual prior to charging your tractor’s battery. Always follow its instructions and heed its warnings.
Ifyour tractor has not been put into use foran extended period of time, charge the battery as follows:
Set your battery charger to deliver a max of 10A. If your battery charger is automatic, charge the battery until the charger indicates that charging is complete. If the charger is not automatic, charge for a minimum of eight hours.
Never jump start a damaged or frozen battery. Be certain the vehicles do not touch, and ignitions are OFF. Do not allow cable clamps to touch.
IMPORTANT: Never jump start your lawn tractor’s battery with the battery ofa running vehicle.
- Connect positive (+) cable to positive post (+) of your lawn tractor’s discharged battery.
- Connectthe other end of the cable to the (positive +) post of the jumper battery.
- Connectthe second cable (negative —-) to the other post of the jumper battery.
- Make the final connection on the engine block of the tractor, away from the battery. Attach to a unpainted part to ensure a good connection.
If the jumper battery Is installed on a vehicle (1.e. car, truck), do NOT start the vehicle’s engine when jump starting your lawn tractor.
- 5. Start the tractor as instructed on page 18.
- 6, Set the tractor’ parking brake before removing the jumper cables, in reverse order of connection.
Failure to properly jump start the battery could cause a spark, and the gas in either battery could explode.
Removing the Battery
To remove the battery, pull outward and then up on the battery hold-down bracket. See Figure 8.
One 20A fuse is installed in your tractor’s wiring harness to protect the tractor's electrical system from damage caused by excessive amperage.
If the electrical system does not function, or your tractor’s engine will not crank, check that the fuse has not blown. It can be found at the rear of the unit. underneath the fender located by the battery.
Always use a fuse with the same amperage capacity for replacement.
Leveling the Deck
NOTE: Check the tractor’ tire pressure before performing any deck leveling adjustments, Refer to Tires on page 28 for more information regarding tre pressure.
The front ofthe cutting deck issupported by a stabilizer bar that can be adjusted to level the deck from front to rear. The front of the deck should be between 1/4” and 3/8" lower than the rear of the deck. Adjust if necessary as follows:
- With the tractor parked on a firm, level surface, place the lever for lifting the platform on the second to the top notch (second highest position) and rotate the blade as close to the discharge channel that is parallel to the tractor.
- Measure the distance from the front of the blade tip to the ground and the rear of the blade tip to the ground. The first measurement taken should be between 4" and 34” less than the second measurement. Determine the approximate distance necessary for proper adjustment and proceed, if necessary, to the next step.
- Locate the jam nutand lock nut on the front side of the stabilizer bracket. See Figure 9.
- After loosening the jam nut:
- Tighten the lock nut to raise the front of the deck;
- Loosen the lock nut to lower the front of the deck.
- Retighten the jam nut loosened earlier when proper adjustment isachieved.
If the cutting deck appears to be mowing unevenly, a side-to-side adjustment can be performed. Adjust if necessary as follows:
1. With the tractor parked ona firm, level surface, place the deck lift lever in the second notch from the top (second highest position) and rotate both blades so that they are perpendicular with the tractor.
2. Measure the distance from the outside of the left blade tip to the ground and the distance from the outside of the right blade tip to the ground. Both measurements taken should be equal. If they're not, proceed to the next step.
3. Loosen, but do NOT remove, the hex cap screw (a) on the left deck hanger bracket. See Figure 10.
4. Balance the deck by using a wrench to turn the adjustment gear (found immediately behind the hex cap screw just loosened) clockwise/up or counter-clockwise/down. The deck is properly balanced when both blade tip measurements taken earlier are equal.
5. Retighten the hex cap screw (a) on the left deck hanger bracket when proper adjustment is achieved.
Refer to Attaching the Seat in page 10 forseat adjustment instructions.
Parking Brake Adjustment
Never attempt to adjust the brakes while the engine is running. Always disengage PTO, move shift lever into neutral position, stop engine and remove key to prevent unintended starting.
If the tractor does not come to a complete stop when the brake pedal is completely depressed, or ifthe tractor’ rear wheels can roll with the parking brake applied, the brakes in need of adjustment. Seean authorized service dealer to have your brakes properly adjusted.
Cutting Deck Removal
To remove the cutting deck, proceed as follows:
1. Place the PTO lever in the disengaged (OFF) position and engage the parking brake.
2. Lower the deck by moving the deck lft lever into the bottom notch on the right fender.
3. Remove the belt-keeper rod (a), from around the tractor’s engine pulley, by removing the self-tapping screw (b) that secures it. See Figure 11.
NOTE: Make a note what hole the other end of the belt-keeper rod is inserted in for reinstallation purposes.
4. Remove the belt (from around the tractors engine pulley andidler pulley(s). See Figure 11.
5. Looking at the cutting deck from the left side of the tractor, locate the bow-tie pin (a) that secures the deck support rod (b) on the rear left side of the deck. See Figure 12. Remove the bow-tie pin (a) that secures the deck support rod (b). and carefully remove the deck support from the deck liftarm.
6. Repeat step 5 onthe tractor's rightside.
7. Move the deck lift lever into the top notch on the right fender to raise the deck lift arms up and out of the way.
8. Remove the bow-tie pin (a) securing the deck stabilizer rod (b) to the deck. Slide the deck lift rod from the mounting weldment on the deck as seen in Figure 13.
9. Carefully remove the PTO cable (a) from the rear of the cutting deck by removing the bow-tie lip (b) which secures it. Remove the spring (c) from the deck idler bracket. See Figure 14.
10. Gently slide the cutting deck (from the left side) out from underneath the tractor.
Cutting Deck Installation
To install the deck, reverse the Deck Removal instructions on page 27-28.
Never exceed the maximum inflation pressure shown on the sidewall of the tire.
The recommended operating tire pressure is:
- Approximately 10 psi for the rear tires
- Approximately 14 psifor the front tires
IMPORTANT: Refer to the tire sidewall for exact tire manufacturer's recommended or maximum psi, Do not overinfiate. Uneven tire pressure could cause the cutting deck to mow unevenly.
Shut the engine OFF and remove the key before removing the cutting blade(s) for sharpening or replacement. Protect your hands by using heavy qloves when arasping the blade.
Periodically inspect the blade spindles for cracks or damage, especially if you strike a foreign object. Replace immediately if damaged.
The blades may be removed as follows:
1. Remove the deck from beneath the tractor, (refer to Cutting Deck Removal on page 27) then gently flip the deck overto expose its underside.
2. Place a block of wood between the center deck housing baffle and the cutting blade to act asa stabilizer. See Figure 15.
3. Remove the hex flange nut that secures the blade to the spindle assembly. See Figure 15.
4. To properly sharpen the cutting blades, remove equal amounts of metal from both ends of the blades along the cutting edges, parallel to the trailing edge, at a 25° to 30° angle.
IMPORTANT: Ifthe cutting edge of the blade has already been sharpened to within 1-94" from the edge, or if any metal separation is present, replace the blades with new ones. See Figure 16.
If the cutting edge of the blade has previously been sharpened, or if any metal separation is present, replace the blades with new ones.
A poorly balanced blade will cause excessive vibration, may cause damage to the tractor and/or result in personal injury.
Test the blade's balance using a blade balancer. Grind metal from the heavy side until it balances evenly.
NOTE: When replacing the blade, be sure to install the blade with the side of the blade marked “Bottom” (or with a part number stamped init facing the ground when the moweris in the operating position. re
Use a torque wrench to tighten the blade spindle hex flange nut to between 70 ft-lbs and 90 ft-lbs.
Changing the Deck Belt
Warning: Be sure to shut the engine OFF, remove the key, disconnect the spark plug wire(s) and ground against the engine to prevent unintended starting before removing the belt.
Warning: All belts on your lawn tractor are subject to wear and should be replaced if any signs of wearare present.
IMPORTANT: The V-belt found on your tractorare specially designed to engage and disengage safely. A substitute (non-OEM) V-belt can be dangerous by not disengaging completely. Fora proper working machine, use factory approved belts.
To change or replace the deck belt on yourttractor, proceed as follows:
1. Remove the deck. Referto Cutting Deck Removal on page 27.
2. Remove the belt covers (a) by removing the hex washer screws (b) that fasten them to the deck. See Figure 17.
3. It may also be necessary to loosen the hex nut on the left idler pulley (c) to get the belt off the pulley and around the belt guard (d).
4. Carefully remove the deck belt (e) from around the two spindle pulleys (f) and the two deckidler pulleys (¢). See Figure 17.
5. To place the new belt, begin by routing the belt around the two spindle pulleys (f). Route the belt around the two deck idler pulleys (c). Retighten the left idler pulley hex nut loosened in step 3. Remount the belt covers removed (a) in Step 2. See Figure 17.
6. Re-install the deck, making sure the belt remains routed around the pulleys as instructed. See Figure 17.
7. Pull the right side ofthe bett, and place the narrowV side of the belt into the PTO pulley.
WARNING: Never store lawn tractor with fuel in tank indoors or in poorly ventilated areas where fuel fumes may reach an open flame, spark, or pilotlight as on a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer, or gas appliance.
Preparing the Engine
IMPORTANT: fuel leftin the fuel tank during warm weather deteriorates and will cause serious starting problems.
To prevent gum deposits from forming inside the engine's carburetor and causing possible malfunction ofthe engine, the fuel system must be either completely emptied, or the gasoline must be treated with a stabilizer to prevent deterioration.
1. If using a fuel stabilizer.
Read the product manufacturer's instructions and recommendations. Add to clean, fresh gasoline the correctamount of stabilizerfor the capacity ofthe fuel system.
Fill the fuel tank with treated fuel and run the engine for 2-3 minutes to get stabilized fuel into the carburetor.
2. If emptying the fuel system:
Do not drain fuel when the engine is hot. Allow the engine adequate time to cool, Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors, away from open flame.
Drain any large volume of fuel from the tank by disconnecting the fuel line from the in-line fuel ilternear the engine. See the complete instructions for Draining The Fuel later in this section.
WARNING: Gasoline is extremely flammable and can be explosive under certain conditions. Drain gasoline before storing the equipment for extended periods. Drain fuel only into an approved container outdoors, away from an open flame, Allow engine to cool. Extinguish cigarettes, cigars, pipes. and other sources of ignition prior to draining fuel. Store gasoline inan approved container in safe location.
Reconnecttthe fuelline and run the engine until it starts to falter, then use the choke to keep the engine running until al fuel in the carburetor has been exhausted.
Disconnect the fuel line and drain any remaining gasoline from the system.
Gasoline is a toxic substance. Dispose of gasoline properly. Contact your local authorities for approved disposal methods.
3. Remove the spark plug and pour one (1) ounce of engine oil through the spark plug hole into the cylinder. Crank the engine several times to distribute the oil, Replace the spark plug.
Draining the Fuel
- Locate the fuel filter, which is located on the lft side of the engine, and may be attached to the engine with atie trap.
- Cutthe tie trap, if present, then pinch the in-line clamp on the fuel filter with a pair of pliers, slide the clamp up the fue ine.
- Pull the fuel line free from the filter and place the open end of the line into anapproved container to drain the fuel.
Preparing the Lawn Tractor
- Cleanand lubricate tractor thoroughly as described in the lubrication instructions.
- Do notuse a pressure washer or garden hose to dean yourunit.
- Store mowerin a dry, clean area. Do not store next to corrosive materials. such as fertilizer.
Before performing any type of maintenance/service, disengage all controls and stop the engine. Wait until all moving parts have come to a complete stop. Disconnect spark plug wire and ground it against the engine to prevent unintended starting. Always wear safety glasses during operation or while performing any adjustments or repairs.
This section addresses minor service issues. To locate the nearest authorized Service Center or to schedule service, call 1-888-331-4569.
Engine fails to start
- PTO/Blade Engage lever engaged.
- Parking brake not engaged.
- Spark plug wire(s) disconnected.
- Throttle/Choke control lever not in correct starting position.
- Choke not activated
- Fuel tank empty, or stale fuel.
- Blocked fuel line.
- Faulty spark plug(s).
- Engine flooded.
- Blown Fuse(s)
- Place lever in disengaged (OFF) position.
- Engage parking brake.
- Connect wire(s) to spark plug(s).
- Place Throttle/Choke lever into the FAST position.
- Move the Throttle/Choke lever into the Choke position.
- Fill tank with clean, fresh (less than 30 days old) gas.
- Replace the fuel line and replace fuel filter.
- Clean, adjust gap or replace plug(s).
- Crank engine with throttle in FAST position.
- Replace Fuse(s) See “Fuse” in Service and
- Maintenance section.
Engine runs erratically
- Unit running with CHOKE activated.
- Spark plug wire(s) loose.
- Blocked fuel line or stale fuel.
- Vent in gas cap plugged.
- Water or dirt in fuel system.
- Dirty air cleaner.
- Deactivate the CHOKE.
- Connect spark plug wire(s).
- Replace the fuel line; fill tank with clean, fresh gasoline and replace fuel filter.
- Clear vent or replace cap if damaged.
- Drain fuel tank. Refill with clean, fresh gasoline.
- Replace air cleaner paper element or clean foam pre-cleaner, if equipped.
- Engine oil level low.
- Air flow restricted.
- Fill crankcase with proper amount and weight of oll.
- Clean grass clippings and debris from around the engine's cooling fins and housing.
Engine hesitates at high RPM
- Spark plug gap too close.
- Remove spark plug and reset the gap.
Engine idles rough
1. Spark plug fouled, faulty or gap too wide.
2. Dirty air cleaner.
1. Replace spark plug. Set plug gap.
2. Replace air cleaner element and/or clean pre- cleaner.
- Cutting blade loose or unbalanced.
- Damaged or bent cutting blade.
- Tighten blade and spindle.
- Replace blade
Mower will not mulch grass
- Engine speed too low.
- Wet grass.
- Excessively high grass.
- Dull blade.
- Place throttle in FAST (rabbit) position.
- Do not mulch when grass is wet.
- Mow once at a high cutting height, then mow again at desired height or make a narrower cutting swath.
- Sharpen or replace blade
- Deck not leveled properly.
- Dull blade.
- Uneven tire pressure.
- Perform side-to-side deck adjustment.
- Sharpen or replace blade.
- Check tire pressure in all four tires.
Series: T100 SERIES
Also, These documents are for others Craftsman models: CMXGRAM1130037, CMXGRAM1130038, CMXGRAM1130039, CMXGRAM1130041, CMXGRAM1130042, CMXGRAM7821242, CMXGRAM7831829
Tags: Craftsman Cmxgram1130036, CRAFTSMAN T110 Engine Manual, Craftsman Lawn Tractor T110, Craftsman M100, Craftsman 3300i Generator, Craftsman Lawn Mower, Craftsman Generator